ماه لقا حکيمى «خانم جون جون»
هاشم خان هاشمى « معظم الملک»
Mah Lagha Hakimi
Hashem Hashemi (Moazzam-el-Molk)
Mah Lagha [literally Moon Face] Hakimi known as Khanoum Joon Joon [Dearest Lady] married Hashem Khan Moazzem-el-Molk. They had five children, Abdolhamid Hakimi - Hashem Hakimi's father, Majid Hakimi who became a Colonel in the army, Essmat-ol-Molok Hakimi Gharajehdaghi, Saeed Hakimi and Moazzam-ol-Molok Hakimi. Khanoum Joon Joon was a matriarch. She was feared and respected by all, which is why all her children chose her family name as surname when Reza Shah introduced legislation requiring proper registration of names and surnames. Prior to this, Iranians did not use surnames. As Massoud Gharajehdaghi has pointed out the latter may be a myth and may not have had much to do with her personality. Mah Tal-at and Mah Sultan's children also chose the maternal surname. We are enormously indebted to Mr. Gharajehdaghi for checking these pages and correcting the mistakes.
Mah Lagha's husband was tremendously rich and from land owning gentry. He worked as an under secretary and adviser to Shoa'-ol-Saltaneh Prince Regent and Governor of the Fars province in Shiraz during the Mozzafarie period. Their son Abdolhamid was born on the way from Shiraz to Teheran. It was because of Moazzam-el-Molk that Rahim Hakimi Moshir Homayoon ended up in Shiraz. He married a lady from Shiraz and joined the Prince Regent's office. While Moshir Homayoon settled down in Shiraz, Mah Lagha and Hashem Khan returned to Teheran after Shoa-ol-Saltaneh lost his office during the reign of Mohammad Ali Mirza Qajar. He then gave all his wealth under charitable trust to the clergy which is quite a story in itself and is narrated below.
Mah Lagha Hakimi, Hashem Khan
Moazzam-el-Molk Hashemi &
The Story Of Moazzam-el-Molk
Moazzam-el-Molk was from one of the biggest land owning gentries of his time. Iran has always been a largely agricultural country and until the 1960's it was a vast feudal country. The land owning gentry were called Khans or Khanates (plural) which presided over a very old system of serfdom. This provided the base for much of the wealth for the middle and upper classes in Iran prior to modernisation of the country in the twentieth century. By all accounts, Moazzam-el-Molk's family were super rich owning much of the prime land in north west Iran. Yet he gave all his share away under charitable trust to the clergy. Such charitable acts by the rich in those days gave the mullahs their financial strength similar to the strong base enjoyed by the Church of England. To this day the prime real estate in London is owned by a few rich land owners, the Crown and the Church of England are two of them. When in 1960's under pressure from President Kennedy, Mohammad Reza Shah introduced a set of reforms, chief amongst them was Land Reform as the Americans feared a peasant revolution in Iran and potentially make the country another Soviet satellite state. The impact on the clergy's income was disastrous which caused an irreparable rift between the religious leaders and the monarchy in Iran.
Getting back to our ancestor, there are two theories as to why he gave his land away. One story which may be more myth than fact, has it that he misspent his youth and later came to regret it. He was a very sentimental and kind man. He housed and provided for all his mistresses. Anyhow the story goes that in his old age he became religious and as penance for his misspent youth gave all his wealth away to the clergy. However Massoud Gharajedaghi has related what he had heard from Essmat-ol-Molok and Abolhassan Hakimi (Mah Lagha's brother, not to be confused with their father) as follows: Moazzam-el-Molk returned to Teheran after Prince Regent lost his office during the reign of Mohammad Ali Shah (the latter tried to back all the concessions given by his father for democracy). Moazzam-el-Molk was a conscientious man who came under the influence of the clergy. He was made to believe that he somehow shared some of the responsibility for the Prince Regent's governorship of the Fars province. The mullahs suggested to him that to wash his sins (in Persian Rad-ol-Mazalem) he should dispose of his wealth for charitable purposes which is what he did. The common thread with both stories is his sentimentality which was apparently a cause of much discord between husband and wife. The truth of what happened probably has something of both stories.
To understand the significance of the above, one must know something of Shoa'-ol-Saltaneh. Prince Malek Mansour Shoa'-ol-Saltaneh was the second son of Mozzafar-e-Din Shah. His governorship of the Fars and southern provinces resulted in rebellion because of his heavy handed treatment of people and his greed. He later joined his brother Mohammad Ali Mirza's efforts to roll back democracy in Iran. He was part of what became to be called the Short Dictatorship when Mohammad Ali Mirza set himself against the people. The parliament was bombarded by his troops bringing the democratic process to a halt. After Mohammad Ali Mirza was deposed, Shoa-ol-Saltaneh joined him in exile in Russia and took part in his brother failed attempt to regain the throne. He and his brother landed in Gilan with forces put together with the help of their hosts, Russia.
Moazzam-el-Molk chose the surname Hashemi while his relatives chose other surnames such as Rabie'ian, Moghtadar and Sadeghi.
خانم جون جون (ماه لقا حکيمى) بانوئى بسيار مقتدر، به مادرشاهى معروف بود چنانچه هنگاميکه دولت رضاشاه قانون نام خانوادگى را درايران به اجرا گذاشت تمام فرزندانش نام خانوادگى مادر را برگزيدند.
هاشم خان معظم الملک، شوى ماه لقا يکى از متمولترين رجال زمين دار دوره خود بود . بعد از عمرى خوشگذراني کليه املاک وسيع خود راواقع درآذربايجان وقف کرد (املاک وقفى را ملا ها اداره ميکردند که پس ازتاسيس اداره اوقاف تصدى املاک وقفى ازدست ملايان خارج و بعهده اداره اوقاف سپرده شد که اين خود يکى ازدلايل عمده شورش و تحريکات و ملايان برضد انقلاب سفيد ونفاق با سلطنت محمد رضاشاه بود).
معظم الملک انسان با رحمى بود که اين خوى نيکوى اورا برخى از اعقابش به ارث برده اند. براى مثال گفته ميشود که اوبراى اغلب بانوان رفيقه اش مسکن و مقررى فراهم ميکرد ! خاخم جون جون براى جلوگيرى از اينکارها، او را درخانه زندانى ميکرد!
برطبق نوشته پشت تصوير ايشان که ابوالحسن حکيمى به مسعود قراجه داغى فرزند عصمت الملوک داده و براى مسعود بازگو کرده است ، موضوع خوشگذرانى اصولا دربين نبوده. با عرض سپاس از مسعود، چکيده داستان را در زير ميآورم .
هاشم خان معظم الملک منشى مخصوص شعاع السلطنه فرزند مظفرالين شاه (نايب السلطنه) درمدتى که شعاع السلطنه والى شيراز بود ، همراه نايب السلطنه بوده است و به همين سبب پسر دوم او، عبدالحميد حکيمى ، بين راه شيراز و تهران بدنيا آمد و بهمين علت بود که رحيم حکيمى، مشيرهمايون، درشيراز همسر اختيار کرد و وزير شعاع السطنه شد و خانواده اش درشيراز ماندند و شاخه شيرازى خانواده حکيمى را تشکيل دادند.
پس از برکنارى شعاع السطنه و خلع محمد على ميرزا، معظم الملک با وجدان خاص خود بتصور اينکه در اجراى احکام شعاع السطنه شريک بوده است کليه املاک گسترده خود را در آذربايجان بعنوان "رد مظالم" به اوقاف بخشيد که اين بخشش موجب بروز اختلافى بزرگ بين دو همسر گرديد.
معظم الملک نام خانوادگى هاشمى را برگزيد و ساير خاندان وى نام خانوادگى هاى ربيعيان، مقتدر و صادقى را برگزيدند.